There is a growing need for female engineers with a strong educational background in electrical and computer engineering. The Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) at Effat University offers this as a Bachelor of Science Degree. As a student on the ECE Program you will be introduced to topics central to the computer-engineering field, such as computer-hardware design, computer networks and software engineering. Electrical engineering, communications and signal processing, microelectronics and integrated circuits, wireless communications, microwave electronics, computer-aided design, and control systems will also be examined.
Due to the domination of communication, modern electronics, information processing, and the internet, electrical and computer engineers are able to influence all facets of modern life. They apply hardware and/or software skills to the design and development of modern systems. They require a strong foundation in mathematics and the basic sciences. The ECE curriculum provides students with the skills they will need to develop professionally.
Areas of ConcentrationThe ECE Department offers four areas of concentration: digital systems, communications, microelectronics, and control systems and robotics. A brief description and career opportunities for each concentration are included below:
Digital SystemsPrimarily, digital systems involve the design and utilization of hardware and software. Almost every electronic device made today contains a digital system in the form of application-dependent digital interfaces or microprocessors. Digital systems involve discrete, quantised electrical signals which are represented by strings of binary digits. Topics for this concentration include Boolean algebra, combinational logic design, sequential logic design, digital integrated circuits, programmable logic devices, computer design, and microprocessor hardware and software. Typical end-products for a digital-system designer include computers, microprocessors, video games, industrial data acquisition and control systems, medical instrumentation, and automobile instrumentation. The final products, developed within many of the electrical and computer-engineering areas, are often implanted with digital systems, such as control, telecommunications and signal-processing systems.
CommunicationsThe field of communications is concerned with processing signals and finding the best way to transmit and receive voice, picture or computer-data signals. It is a rapidly growing area. In just one century, it has progressed from wire-based telegraph systems capable of sending only a few letters per second to the sophisticated protocols we use today. Now, wired and wireless communications systems can send voice, pictures, and digital data anywhere in the world within seconds. Advances in communication make modern devices such as the telephone, radio, television, computer modem, fax machine, and radio navigation system a reality. Other devices, such as compact discs (CDs), computer disks, and magnetic tapes also facilitate communication as they transfer messages through time via an optical or magnetic medium.
MicroelectronicsElectronic devices form the building blocks of most computers and electrical systems. System examples include telephones, radios, televisions, controllers, oscilloscopes, logic gates, memories, digital systems, computers, power circuits and instrumentation systems. Analysis of devices and circuits is an essential task in the evaluation of these systems. The designers and engineers in this field conceive and design these building blocks while engineers in other areas use them as the foundation for developing other systems.
The dividing line between device and circuit has been blurred considerably since the advent of integrated circuits. It is important for every circuit designer to understand something of how these devices work. Students will be offered a wide spectrum of courses in communications, control, analogue electronics, microprocessors and very-large-scale integration (VLSI). VLSI is the product of the latest revolution in integrated-circuit development. It is fast becoming the basic building block for digital and computer electronics. Customized VLSI signal-processing chips have been used, for example, to improve the functionality of modern systems since microprocessor-controlled instrumentation is already a reality.
Control Systems and RoboticsControl systems permeate life in all advanced societies today. They are used in automatic toasters, heating and cooling systems, washers and dryers, space vehicles, robots, and industrial processes. They regulate and optimize force, stress, temperature, altitude, and speed over time. For example, control methods are used to regulate the work process in spaceships, aeroplanes, automobiles, heaters, elevators, machines, power plants, and medical-treatment devices. The system quantities being controlled are sensed, fed back and used to control the system. The theory of control is based on firm mathematical foundations, including differential equations, optimization and stability theory. Due to advances in computer technology, many industrial companies use computers for control purposes. The control systems area affects, in one way or another, all other engineering disciplines.