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    Evaluating the Spatial Structure resilience in Jeddah Neighborhoods

    Authors: Refaat, A.

    "Nowadays, cities experience severe environmental threats such as: climate change, draught, flooding and heat waves which require a different approach to resist theses stresses and adapt with them. Accordingly, the concept of resilience emerged, which refers to the cities capabilities to withstand and adapt with future threats. Despite that there are various definitions for resilience concept, there is a Concorde agreement regarding its aim; to make cities - through their capabilities - enduring and fulfilling its inhabitants’ needs in terms of physical, social and economic aspects with a minimum physical deformation. In this sense, identifying the cities capabilities represents an important goal to recognize their resilient capacity which represent the aim of this paper. However, the research focuses on the neighborhood scale as it is more manageable and, by nature, it reflects the city resilience as a whole. Besides, the research addresses the neighborhood spatial structure resilience capacities because of its significant role and importance to the concept of resilient cities or neighborhoods, as reported in many references in the resilience realm. Based on these references, the qualities of neighborhood connectivity - internally and externally - mobility, accessibility and legibility represent the core values for a resilient spatial structure. Thus, evaluating these core values can reflect the resilience capabilities for the spatial structure under investigation. In this regard, the paper examined these core values in several neighborhoods within Jeddah city. Using space syntax theory and techniques, a quantitative analysis was implemented to evaluate these values. The results identified the spatial structure resilience capacity of the examined neighborhoods and mapped out the necessary interventions to enhance their resilience capabilities"