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Volume 1 Issue 1 P.P 61-88

​K. N. Adham and C. Siwar ‘Factors influencing government green procurement practices: structural equation modelling analysis’, MEJELSD, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2017

Khairul Naim Adham*
National Biodiversity Centre Core Team, Biodiversity and Forestry Management Division, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Malaysia
Chamhuri Siwar
Emeritus Professor and Principal Research Fellow, Institute for Environment and Development (LESTARI), National University of Malaysia (UKM), Malaysia


The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of seven exogenous latent constructs namely (1) Environmental Knowledge (ENK); (2) Environmental Concern (ENC); (3) Perceived Costs Efficiency and Business Benefits (PCE); (4) Perceived Product and Supplier Availability (PPS); (5) Organisational Incentives and Pressures (OIP); (6) Policies and Regulations (PR); and (7) perceived benefits of implementation tools and competency (PBI) on Government Green Procurement (GGP) practices.


The theoretical framework of this study is built based on the institutional theory, underpinned by previous researchers’ conceptual models. This study uses Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) analysis to determine a measurement model that best fits data at hand and a structural model to test the causal relationship among the constructs.
Findings: This study finds that all latent exogenous constructs in this study have a positive and significant effect on latent endogenous constructs that is GGP practices (p , 0.05).


This study is one of the first attempts to empirically investigate the practice of GGP in Malaysia. Practical implications: At the government level, the findings of this study will assist the government in formulating strategies towards the implementation of GGP in a more systematic and effective manner. At the suppliers’ level, the findings will help suppliers to make adaptations in fulfilling the government’s requirements.


Government Procurement; Government Green Procurement; GGP; Structural Equation Modelling; SEM; Institutional Theory


Reference to this paper should be made as follows: K. N. Adham and C. Siwar (2017) ‘Factors Influencing Government Green Procurement Practices: Structural Equation Modelling Analysis’, Middle East Journal of Entrepreneurship, Leadership and Sustainable Development, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp.61-88.

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