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Code and Conduct (TARBAWYYAT)
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Pillars of The Effat University Code of Ethical Conduct

‘Tarbawyyat’ ( تربويات ) is the name of the pillars that make up Effat University Code of Ethical Conduct. Tarbawyyat is derived from the Arabic word for ‘educate’. The word ‘tarbawyyat’ derives from the Arabic root ربى ‘rabbã’ from which a number of other words derive, like the Arabic word for raise a child, feed a child, educate a person, and even grow an object in size and capacity. The Arabic word for making jam or preserves from fruits is also derived from this word. Tarbawyyat is the plural of تربية which is associated in Arabic with educating human beings to a standard of manners and equipping them with the necessary knowledge and skills to play a successful role in the communities they inhabit. Inspired by this all-inclusive holistic noun, Effat University adopted the following eight fundamental pillars into what it refers to as Tarbawyyat Effat.

First Pillar:    تقوى (Taqwã) Piety

Second Pillar:  آداب (Ādab) Knowledge, manners and outreach

Third Pillar:  رعاية (Ricaya) Nurturing

Fourth Pillar: بنيان (Bunyan Marsūs) Cooperation and collaboration

Fifth Pillar:وسطية (Wasaţya) Tolerance and moderation

Sixth Pillar:يسير  (Yusr) Modesty and ease

Seventh Pillar: أمانة(Amanah) Ethics and integrity

Eighth Pillar: توجيه (Tawğyh) Guidance

These eight pillars are the route to achieving the vision of Queen Effat (God rest her soul) and provide the framework for all the affairs of Effat University.

First Pillar:تقوى  (Taqwã) Piety

Taqwã is the pillar of all pillars. Taqwã denotes a range of meaning: piety, virtue, devotion, goodness, and faithfulness. The Quranic verse from Surat Fatir associates Taqwã with scholars. At Effat University, the search for knowledge and enlightenment is to be guided by the virtue of Taqwã in every conduct. In this sense Taqwã signifies the importance of being conscious of Allah in learning, teaching and undertaking research. Taqwã in teaching is devotion in delivering knowledge, while Taqwã in learning is faithfulness in the quest for knowledge.

Second Pillar: آداب  (Ādab) Knowledge, Manners and Outreach

آداب in Arabic incorporates three distant yet interrelated meanings that derive from the same root: knowledge, morals, and outreach. In the first two centuries of Islam آداب Ādab denoted knowledge of the sciences and history, philosophy, and theology. Later, Ādab was restricted to literary work. Another use for آداب is manners as in آداب الطعام والشراب (table manners). آداب also shares the roots for madubah (banquet), which is a synonym for generosity. These layers of meaning are reflected in Effat University: a source of knowledge in its broad sense, which constitutes the identity of any liberal arts organization; and a drive to reach to the immediate and international community for the purpose of serving and exchanging knowledge – both in a polite and virtuous fashion.

Third Pillar: رعاية (Ricaya) Nurturing

The concept of Ricaya ( رعاية ) means continuous care and development. This is an important concept in Islam because it starts with our own selves, then our families, and the community at large. Nevertheless, nurturing and upbringing are most important with respect to the children and the youth in any society, so that they are brought up upon the correct path of Islam. Effat University is conscious of the role it plays in shaping tomorrow’s generations. Care and development at Effat University takes different shapes and forms: teaching and learning, welfare, discretion, health, safety, and security. In other words, Effat University cares for the development of its students with the purpose of creating ambassadors in a healthy environment.

Fourth Pillar: بنيان(Bunyan Marsūs) Cooperation and Collaboration

Being an educational institution that endeavors to achieve excellence, Effat University is convinced that effective communication, interaction and outreach, collaboration and partnerships are all sources of inestimable value to all members at Effat University, and to society at large. All members of the Effat family are encouraged to embrace a culture of collaboration characterized with maximum individual commitment and contribution, tolerance, modesty, flexibility, creativity, value-adding, acceptance of others, and recognition, believing in the unity and harmony between all mankind. Effat University equally believes that pairing individual recognition with collective team recognition is vital to effective motivation of all team members. Effat University places high emphasis on cultural sensitivity, especially in balancing collaborative and individual interests and activities. The University regulates such interests and activities through a number of policies in its Policies and Procedures Manual. Activities that represent a case of failure to meet these regulations and/or considered incidents of misconduct may result in disciplinary action including the possibility of dismissal of the student. 

Fifth Pillar: وسطية (Wasaţya) Tolerance and Moderation

The term ‘Wasaţya’ refers to the virtue and value of always striking a balance. At an individual level it includes balance in attitude; at an organizational level it involves balance of vision and mission. Moderation is a teaching of Islam and one of its fundamental characteristics that Effat has adopted. One might think that balance is always the third choice when two extreme choices become valid options. However, Effat University initially adopts a balanced approach as its principle methodology. This approach is the core value from which all decisions, structures, concepts, and even curriculum emanate.

Sixth Pillar: يسر(Yusr) Modesty and Ease

So indeed with hardship is ease. Indeed with hardship is ease. (Surat Al Inshirah 94: 5-6)

The Arabic word Yusr ( يسر ) means ease and it is the opposite of difficulty ( عسر ) which means hardships.

In this verse Allah is telling us that whatever difficulties or troubles an individual may encounter He always provides a solution, a way out, a relief, a guide to lead to comfort and contentment. The Surat confirms this message by repeating the verse twice and stressing مع “with” to assure human beings that relief does not come after difficulty but with it.

These two verses in the Surat of Al-Inshirah give a message of hope and encouragement in a time of darkness and difficulty.

Seventh Pillar:أمانة (Amanah) Ethics and Integrity

أمانة is a pillar within a pillar. Ihsan ( إحسان ) which derives from the Arabic حَسَن , the root of several words, is the umbrella for all pillars of manners.

Ihsan means ‘seeking perfection in every deed’.

The root word is mentioned in the Quran in 195 places; 12 of them in the form of Ihsan. Seeking perfection in every deed stems from the core values of Islam, “It is to worship Allah as though you are seeing Him, and while you see Him not yet truly He sees you”. In this sense, Ihsan carries the following characteristics:

I for Itqan: Itqan, or ‘excellence’ means to arrange and dispose of things in a scientific and artistic way in order to obtain perfect results.

H for Honesty: Honesty according to the Merriam Webster Dictionary means “the quality of being fair and truthful”. The University expects its students to observe high ethical standards.

Thus, the University does not tolerate fraud, theft, embezzlement, harassment, discrimination, violence, favoritism, or nepotism, conflicts of interest, corruption in all its forms, misappropriation of University property or funds, or violating any of Effat University codes and policies. The University has the right to seek prosecution against individuals who violate codes and policies and/or other disciplinary actions.

S for Stewardship: According to the Merriam Webster Dictionary, stewardship is “the activity or job of protecting and being responsible for something”. Effat University extends the application of this characteristic to volunteering, community service and giving.

A for Aspiration: Aspiration is the strong desire to achieve something great. This attitude does not grow in a vacuum but is the outcome of a holistic approach to life – an approach characterized by positivity, openness, and guided by clear visions. Effat University encourages an environment conducive to positive thinking by setting clear goals and guidelines for its students while allowing and rewarding creativity and innovation.

Eighth Pillar:توجيه  (Tawğyh) Guidance

Sincere advice, guidance and counseling are pillars in the educational process at Effat University. The educational process does not include only students but also faculty members, staff, and the people who make our day-to-day affairs possible. Guidance is offered to all members in several forms. While informal guidance is natural between the different members of the Effat family, formal processes include policies and procedures, bylaws, manuals, and orientation sessions. Ultimately, it is the member’s responsibility to know what does and does not constitute appropriate conduct. Acts of misconduct may result in an investigation followed by disciplinary proceedings and/or an investigation by Saudi authorities.

The Code of Ethical Conduct Authorities: The Committees


The highest authority in all matters related to ethics at Effat University is the Ethics Higher Committee.

The President forms subordinate ethics committees.

The committees and authorized persons are:

The Ethics Higher Committee:

  1. President (permanent member-head).

  2. Provost (permanent member).

  3. Vice President of Administration and Finance (permanent member).

  4. Dean of Student Affairs (permanent member).

  5. Head of the unit that handles the case under investigation (invited member).

  6. Faculty of Islamic Studies (non-permanent member).

  7. Representative from the University Legal Affairs Office (non-permanent member).

The Student Ethics Committee

  1. Dean of Student Affairs (permanent member-head).

  2. Dean of the college that handles the student(s) and case under investigation (invited member).

  3. Faculty of Islamic Studies (non-permanent member).

  4. Representative from Student Government or Student Shura (non-permanent member).

  5. Representative from the University Legal Affairs Office (non-permanent member). 

Handling Violations of the Effat Code of Ethical Conduct Policy and Procedures

All members of Effat University are expected to perform in accordance with accepted standards of ethical and professional conduct. These standards are the reasonable expectations placed on any higher education institution to ensure that students uphold a responsible and safe environment conducive to learning and teaching. Professional and ethical misconduct occurs when these standards are breached. Acts of professional and ethical misconduct may result in an investigation, followed by a disciplinary proceeding.

Common Procedure

One or all of the following steps may take place in the process of investigating an incident of professional or ethical misconduct.

Reporting an Incident

Incidents of alleged professional misconduct and/ or violations of the Effat Code of Ethical Conduct are reported to one of the University’s ethics committees. When the information reported reasonable and probable grounds to believe that the member has committed an act of professional or ethical misconduct, or is incompetent, the relevant ethics committee may initiate an investigation. Incidents may be reported directly to the ethics committee, the Ethics Higher Committee, the President, Provost, unit head, a colleague, or received through an anonymous email or a phone call.

Disciplinary Proceeding and Resolution

The disciplinary proceeding recommended by the respective ethics committee is considered final once approved by the University’s Ethics Higher Committee. For more information please refer to the Effat Code of Ethical Conduct.